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Difference between revisions of "Valence Profile English"

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Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu
Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu and  Lars Hellan
This list is built on the Norwegian list included in SLAVOB 6.3
This list is built on the system explained at [[Verbconstructions cross-linguistically - Introduction]], and partly modeled on the Norwegian list presented in [[Media: ‎3_Norwegian_Appendix_plus_3_SLAVOB-final.pdf|Norwegian Appendix ]]
== Intransitive: ==
== Intransitive ==
  TEMPLATE NOTATION                                            ENGLISH EXAMPLE
  TEMPLATE NOTATION                                            ENGLISH EXAMPLE
Line 68: Line 70:
  v-intrPresnt-suNrg_presntREL│presThsit                      there comes a time when nothing works
  v-intrPresnt-suNrg_presntREL│presThsit                      there comes a time when nothing works
  v-intrPrtcl│suAg│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                          Jack keeps on
  v-intrPrtcl│suAg│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                          Jack keeps on
  v-intrPrtcl│suTh│SUSTAINEDPHENOM                       the rain keeps on
  v-intrPrtcl│suTh│SUSTAINEDPHENOM                     the rain keeps on
  v-intrPrtclGer│suAg│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                        Jack kept on running
  v-intrPrtclGer│suAg│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                        Jack kept on running
  v-intrPrtclObl│suAg_obl│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                    Jack kept on with his running
  v-intrPrtclObl│suAg_obl│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                    Jack kept on with his running
  v-intrScpr-scAdj│suThmover│EXHIBPROPTY                       the water runs clear (formerly it didn’t)
  v-intrScpr-scAdj│suThmover│EXHIBPROPTY                     the water runs clear (formerly it didn’t)
  v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                        the boy seems sick
  v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                        the boy seems sick
  v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scInf                                    he seems to believe it
  v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scInf                                    he seems to believe it
Line 88: Line 90:
  v-intrPrtclScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                    the boy ended up sick
  v-intrPrtclScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                    the boy ended up sick
  v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scPredprtcl│EXHIBPROPTY                  the boy sounds like a parrot
  v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scPredprtcl│EXHIBPROPTY                  the boy sounds like a parrot
  v-intrObl│suAg_oblTrg│COMPARISON                       the boy runs like a donkey
  v-intrObl│suAg_oblTrg│COMPARISON                     the boy runs like a donkey
  v-intrWH│PHENOM                                              a time comes when nothing works
  v-intrWH│PHENOM                                              a time comes when nothing works
  v-intrAuxmodComp-compEqBareinf│suAg_compThsit                Jane can paddle
  v-intrAuxmodComp-compEqBareinf│suAg_compThsit                Jane can paddle
  v-intrAuxmodScpr-suDir_scSuNrg_scAdv                        he must go out
  v-intrAuxmodScpr-suDir_scSuNrg_scAdv                        he must go out
== Transitive ==
== Transitive ==

Revision as of 09:42, 7 December 2017


Mary Esther Kropp Dakubu and Lars Hellan

This list is built on the system explained at Verbconstructions cross-linguistically - Introduction, and partly modeled on the Norwegian list presented in Norwegian Appendix


TEMPLATE NOTATION                                            ENGLISH EXAMPLE
v-intr│suAg│ACTIVITY                                         the boy jumps
v-intr│suAg│SEMELFACTIVE                                     the boy jumps
v-intr│suAg│COMPLETEDMONODEVMNT                              Jack ate					
v-intr│suSens│PROTR-SENSATION                                the boy listens				
v-intr│suTh│PROCESS                                          the ice melts
v-intr│suTh│SUSTAINEDPHENOM                                  the rain continued
v-intr│suThmover│MOTION                                      the ball rolls 				
v-intr-suAbsGer│suThsit│ASSESS                               getting money for political favours stinks
v-intr-suNrg│PHENOM                                          it rains				
v-intrAdv│suAg│ACHIEVEMENT                                   he functions well
v-intrAdv│suTh│PROPTY                                        the machine functions well
v-intrObl│suAg_oblInstr│ACTIVITY                             Jane wrote with a pen
v-intrObl│suAg_oblTrgt│ACTIVITY                              Jane wrote to John
v-intrObl-oblEndpt│suAgmover│MOTIONDIRECTED                  John walked into the room
v-intrObl│suExp_oblCsr│EMOTIONCAUSED                         they grieved over the death
v-intrObl│suTh_oblLoc│PHENOM                                 stars appear in the heavens
v-intrObl-oblEqSuGer│suAg_oblContent│ASSESS                  Jane believes in speaking her mind
v-intrObl│suPurelyorient_oblTrgt│ORIENT                      the arrow points to the north 	
v-intrObl│suPath_oblTrgt│PATHCONSTELLATION                   the road goes towards the north
v-intrAdvPath│suLocomoevent│LOCOMODEVELOPMENT                the tour goes northwards 		
v-intrAdvPresent-suExpn│suThmover│MOTIONPRESENTED            there goes the ball
v-intrComp│suCog_compThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE             Kathy thought I would come	
v-intrComp-compYN│suCog_compThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE      Kathy wonders whether I will come
v-intrComp-compWH│suCog_compThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE      Kathy wonders who will come
v-intrExlnk-ExlnkDECL                                        it appears that he will come 
v-intrExpn-expnAbsinf│ASSESS                                 it helps to sit down 		
v-intrExpn-expnDECL_suNrg│PHENOM                             it happens that the earth is round	
v-intrExpn-expnEquat│ASSESS                                  it looks as if he did it	
v-intrExpn-expnWH_suNrg                                      it is a question who comes
v-intrExpn-expnYN                                            it is a question whether he can do it
v-intrImplMotion│suPath│CROSSINGPATHS                        their paths crossed
v-intrObRais-suNrg_obRaisInf│obThsit│EXHIBACT                he appears to come
v-intrObl│suAg_oblAffincrem│NONCOMPLETED_MONODEVMNT          she nibbles at the apple
v-intrObl│suAg_oblLoc│LOCATION                               she lives in London
v-intrObl│suAg_oblTopic│ACTIVITY-COMMUNICATION               I talk about Jane
v-intrObl│suAg_oblTrgt│EMISSION                              he vomited on the tablecloth
v-intrObl│suTh_oblLoc│INCHOATIONLOCATED                      a crack appears in the glass
v-intrObl│suTh_oblLoc│LOCATION                               Boston is in Massachusetts
v-intrObl│suTh_oblLoc│LOCATION                               the town lies in the valley
v-intrObl│suTh_oblPoss│POSSESSION                            the book belongs to Jane
v-intrObl_suWH│suThsit_oblTh│DEPEND                          who comes depends on you
v-intrObl-suWH_oblWH│suThsit_oblTh│DEPEND                    who comes depends on what you do
v-intrObl-suYN│suThsit_oblTh│DEPEND                          whether he comes depends on you
v-intrObl-suYN_oblYN│suThsit_oblTh│DEPEND                    whether he comes depends on whether you come
v-intrObl-oblAbsGer│suAg_oblContent│ACTIVITY-ABOUTNESS       they talk about travelling to Mars
v-intrObl-oblDeclNom│suAg_oblContent│ACTIVITY                they talk about it being too late
v-intrObl-oblEqSuInf│suAg_oblContent│ACTIVITY-PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE  he hopes to come 
v-intrObl-oblInf│suAg_oblEventcont│CAUSATION	              we arranged for him to get a visa
v-intrOblExpn-suNrg_expnYN                                   it depends on you whether he will win 
v-intrOblPath│suAgmover_OblEndpt│MOTIONtoENDPT               a man runs to here
v-intrOblScpr-scSuNrg_scInf│oblCog_scThsit│PERCPT            he seems to me to be in a good mood
v-intrPrtcl-suNrg│TELIC-PHENOM                               it clears up
v-intrScPr-scPrAdj│suSens│PROTR-EXPER                        the boy feels cold
v-intrScPr-suBPspec_scPrAdj│suThloc│PARTWHOLEEXPER           my back feels cold
v-intrScPrExpn-ScPrAdj_ExpnDECL                              it is essential that he comes
v-intrPresnt│presTh                                          there lived a man
v-intrPresntLoc│presntAg_advLoc│POSTURELOC                   there sits a man in the chair
v-intrPresnt-suNrg_presntREL│presThsit                       there comes a time when nothing works
v-intrPrtcl│suAg│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                           Jack keeps on
v-intrPrtcl│suTh│SUSTAINEDPHENOM	                     the rain keeps on
v-intrPrtclGer│suAg│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                        Jack kept on running
v-intrPrtclObl│suAg_obl│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY                    Jack kept on with his running
v-intrScpr-scAdj│suThmover│EXHIBPROPTY	                     the water runs clear (formerly it didn’t)
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                         the boy seems sick
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scInf                                     he seems to believe it
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                         the boy seems sensible
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scInf│EXHIBPROPTY                         the boy seems to be a leader
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scPP│EXHIBPROPTY                          the boy seems in good shape
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scPredprtcl│EXHIBPROPTY                   the boy appears as a hero in the report
v-intrScpr-scSuArgCsd_scAdv│suTh│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT   the coffee boils away
v-intrScpr-scSuNrgCsd_scAdv│INCREMRESULT                     the cup runs over
v-intrScpr-scSuNrgCsd_scAdv│INCREMRESULT                     the shore eroded away
v-intrScpr-scSuNrgCsd_scPP│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT         the house burned to a cinder
v-intrScpr-suNrg_scEquat│RESULT                              it looks as though he came
v-intrScpr-scAdj│suTh│PROPTYDYN                              the house stands empty
v-intrLghtScpr-scSuNrg_scPredprtcl                           the boy emerged as a suspect 
v-intrLghtScpr-scSuNrgCsd_scAdj│INCREMRESULT                 the company goes broke 
v-intrPrtclScpr-scSuNrg_scAdj│EXHIBPROPTY                    the boy ended up sick
v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scPredprtcl│EXHIBPROPTY                   the boy sounds like a parrot
v-intrObl│suAg_oblTrg│COMPARISON	                     the boy runs like a donkey
v-intrWH│PHENOM                                              a time comes when nothing works
v-intrAuxmodComp-compEqBareinf│suAg_compThsit                Jane can paddle
v-intrAuxmodScpr-suDir_scSuNrg_scAdv                         he must go out


TEMPLATE NOTATION                                            ENGLISH EXAMPLE
v-tr│suAg_oblAffincrem│MONODEVMNT                            she eats the apple
v-tr│suAg_obAff│CONTACTFORCEFUL                              Jack beats John
v-tr│suAg_obAffincrem│COMPLETED_MONODEVMNT                   Kathy ate the cake
v-tr│suAgmover_obPathobj│MOTIONALONGLINE                     Kathy follows the path
v-tr│suAgmover_obAgmover│MOTIONCROSSPATHS                    the boy crosses the demonstration parade
v-tr│suAgmover_obEndpnt│MOTIONtoENDPT                        Kathy reaches the top
v-tr│suAgmover_obStartpt│MOTIONDIRECTED                      Kathy left the room
v-tr│suAg_obEjct│EJECTION                                    Kathy throws the ball
v-tr│suAg_obEjctinobj│EJECTION                               she shoots plastic bullets
v-tr│suAg_obEventcont│ACTIVITY                               she sang a beautiful song
v-tr│suAg_obExp│EMOTIONCAUSED                                Kathy frightens Jane
v-tr│suAgmover_obLengthcont│MOTIONEXTENDING                  the boy walks two kilometers
v-tr│suAg_obTh│REPRESENTING                                  Kathy mentions Jane
v-tr│suAg_obThincrem│COMPLETED_MONODEVMNT                    Kathy read the book
v-tr│suAg_obThmover│MOTIONCAUSED                             Kathy sends the parcel
v-tr│suAgmover_obViapnt│MOTIONviaVIAPT                       Kathy passes the church
v-tr│suCog_obTh│COGNITION                                    Kathy knows the answer
v-tr│suComitmover_obAgmover│MOTIONPARALLEL                   the boy accompanies the president
v-tr│suExp_obTrgt│EMOTION                                    Jane likes horses
v-tr│suOrientedline_obOrientedline│CROSSINGPATHS             the stroke cuts the line
v-tr│suOrientedline_obOrientedline│PARALLELPATHS             the stroke follows the line
v-tr│suPathobj_obEndpnt│EXTENSIONtoENDPT                     the path reaches the top
v-tr│suPathobj_obViapnt│EXTENSIONviaVIAPT                    the path passes the church
v-tr│suSens_obTh│SENSATION                                   Kathy sees Jane
v-tr│suPoss_obPossd│POSSESSION                               Jack owns a car
v-tr│suTh_obBen│PENDINGSTATE                                 an accident awaits him
v-tr│suTh_obExp│EMOTIONCAUSED                                the book depresses Jane
v-tr│suTh_obLengthcont│EXTENDING                             the track measures 400 meters
v-tr│suTh_obSens│SENSATIONCAUSED                             the stone hurt Jane
v-tr│suTh_obTimecont│LASTING                                 the film lasts 5 hours
v-tr│suTh_obWeightcont│WEIGHING                              the stone weighs 5 kg
v-trImpltransf│suAg_obRec│RENDERINGinPOSITION                he dressed the boy
v-trImpltransfObl│suAg_obTh_oblLoc│RENDERINGinPOSITION       he spilled water on the tablecloth
v-trImpltransfObl-OblRefl│suAg_obTh_oblTrgt│RENDERINGinPOSITION  he spilled water on himself
v-trImpltransf-obRefl│suAg_obPat│RENDERINGinPOSITION         he dressed himself
v-tr-suGer│suEffector_obAff│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE          getting money for political favours disgusts me
v-tr-suAbsger│suThsit_obAff│EXPERIENCECAUSED               getting money for political favours disgusts me
v-tr-suAbsger│suThsit_obCog│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE            building highrises interests Kathy
v-tr-suGer│suThsit_obCog│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE               my coming astonishes Kathy
v-tr-suGer_obDECL│suThsit_obThsit│CAUSATION                  Jane’s coming entails that you must come
v-tr-suGer_obYN│suThsit_obThsit│CAUSATION                    Jane’s coming determines whether you come
v-tr-suWH│suThsit_obCog│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE                who comes interests Kathy
v-tr-suWH_obWH│suThsit_obThsit│CAUSATION                     who comes decides who will win
v-tr-suYN│suThsit_obCog│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE                whether I come interests Kathy
v-tr-obAbsger│suAg_obThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE             Kathy considers coming
v-tr-obDECL│suAg_obEventcont│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGENTITY      we arranged that he got a visa
v-tr-obDECL│suCog_obThsit│COGNITION                          Kathy knows that I came
v-tr-obDECL│suCog_obThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE              I assume that he is qualified
v-tr-obDECL│suSens_obThsit│SENSATION                         Kathy sees that Jane sleeps
v-tr-obEqInf│suAg_obThsit│ACTIVITY                           Kathy tries to come
v-tr-obRefl│suAg_obAff│AFFECTING                             Kathy washes herself
v-trExpnSu-expnDECL│obCog_expnThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE    it worries me that he hasn’t come
v-trExpnSu-expnCOND│obCog_expnThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE    it will not surprise me if he comes
v-trExpnSu-expnEqInf│obCog_expnSuThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE it pleases me to come
v-trExpnSu│obMeas_expnAbsinf││ASSESS                         it takes two hours to go there
v-trExpnOb-expnCOND│suCog_expnThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE    I will deplore it if you come
v-trExpnOb-expnAbsinf│suAg_expnThsit│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGENTITY  we make it impossible to come
v-trNrf-obReflExpl│suAgmover│MOTION                          the boy raised himself
v-trNrfPrt_obReflExpl│suAgmover│MOTIONDIRECTED               the boy pulled himself up			
v-trNrfAdv-obReflExpl│suAg│ACTIVITY                          he behaved himself nicely
v-trNrfObl-obReflExpl_oblEqSuGer│suAg_oblThsit               Jane resigned herself to waiting
v-trNrfPath-obReflExpl│suAgmover│MOTION                      he pushes himself forward
v-trNrfPrtcl-obRefl│suAg│ACTIVITY                            Kathy messed herself up
v-trNrfScpr-obReflExpl_scSuNrg_scAdj│suAg                    he made himself sick
v-trNrfScpr-obReflExpl_scSuNrg_scAdj│suAg│INCREMENTALRESULT  he shouted himself hoarse
v-trObl│suAg_obTh_oblIntrloc│COMMUNICATION                   he told the news to Kathy
v-trObl-obRefl│suAg_obTh_oblCom│ACHVMNT                      he allied himself with the boy
v-trObl-obRefl_oblBPob│suAg_obAff_oblThloc│PARTWHOLEAFFECTING Jack scratched himself on the back
v-trObl-obReflExpl_oblBPob│suAff_oblThloc│PARTWHOLEAFFECTING Jack cut himself on the knee
v-trObl-oblBPob│suAg_obAff_oblThloc│PARTWHOLEAFFECTING       I kicked Jack in the leg
v-trObl-oblDECL│suAg_obIntrloc_oblThsit│LOCUTACT             he told Jack that he had come
v-trObl-oblPP│suAg_obIntrloc_oblThsit│LOCUTACT               he told Jack about his coming
v-trObl-oblYN│suAg_obIntrloc_oblThsit│LOCUTACT               he asked Jack whether he came
v-trPassinf-EqSuInf│suAg_obIntrloc_oblThsit│LOCUTACT         he begged me to be allowed to come
v-trObl-oblInf│suAg_obInterloc_oblThsit│LOCUTACT             he begged me to go			
v-trObl-obRefl_oblEqSuGer│suAg_obTh_oblThsit│COMMITMENT      he commits himself to coming
v-trObl-oblPP│suAg_obInterloc_oblThsit│LOCUTACT              we tell the children about building houses
v-trOblScpr-scSuNrg_scN│oblCog_scThsit│PERCPT                he seems to me an idiot
v-trOblScpr-scSuNrg_scInf│oblCog_scThsit│PERCPT              he seems to me to be an idiot
v-trPath│suAg_obPurelyorient│ORIENT                          he directs the arrow to the north
v-trPath│suAg_obOrientedline│LINESITUATING                   he draws the line to the left	
v-trPath│suAgmover_obLocomoevent│LOCOMOCONDUCTION            they take the tour to the north
v-trPath│suAgmover_obOrientedline│USINGPATH                  the boy will take the path toward the river
v-trPath│suAgmover_obInstrmover│USINGVEHICLE                 the boy will take the bus to town
v-trPrtcl│suExper_obTh│EXHIBATTITUDE                         Kathy approves of your choice
v-trPrtcl│suCog_obTh│COGNITION                               Kathy found out the answer
v-trPrtcl-obDECLcmp│suCog_obThsit│COGNITION                  Kathy found out that I came
v-trPrtcl-obRefl│suAg_obTh│COMPLETEDACTIVITY                 Kathy cleaned herself up			
v-trPrtcl-obYN-suCog_obThsit-COGNITION                       Kathy found out whether they came
v-trPrtcl-obWH│suCog_obThsit│COGNITION                       Kathy found out who came
v-trScpr-scBareinf│suSens_obThsit│SENSATION                  I saw him run
v-trScpr-obRefl_scSuNrg_scPassinf│suAg_obTrgt│PERMISSION     they let themselves be seen
v-trScpr-scGer│suAg_obTime_scThsit│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY         we spent a week doing it			
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scInf│suCog_scThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE   I assume him to be qualified
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scGer│suSens│SENSATION                      I saw him running	(he was running)
v-trScpr-scEqSuGer│suSens_obTh│SENSATION                     I saw him running	(I was running)
v-trScpr-scObNrg_obRefl_scGer│suSens_obThsit│SENSATION       he felt himself falling			
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scAdj│suCog│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE           she considers Jack qualified	
v-trScpr-scObNrg_obRefl_scAdj│suCog_obThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE  she considers herself qualified
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scPredprtcl│suAg_obThsit│PROPOSITIONALATTITUDE  they perceived him as qualified 
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scN│suAg_obThsit│REPRESENT                  she calls Jane a friend		
v-trScpr-scObNrg_obRefl_scN│suAg_obThsit│REPRESENT           she calls herself a friend
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scBareinf│suAg│PERMISSION                   they let the man sing
v-trScpr-scObNrg_scPassInf│suAg│PERMISSION                   they let the song be sung
v-trScpr-scObArgConcurr_scAdj│suAg_obAffincrem│CONCURRSTATE  he drank the coffee cold 
v-trScpr-scObArgConcurr_scPP│suAg_obThvehcl│CONCURRSTATE     he drove the car in good condition	
v-trScpr-scObArgConcurr_scPredprtcl│suAg_obThvehcl│CONCURRSTATE  he drove the car as an airport limousine
v-trScpr-scObArgRes_scAdj│suCsr_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGENTITY she pounded the soil flat
v-trScpr-scObNrgRes_scPP│suCsr_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGENTITY  she put the house into good condition
v-trScpr-scObNrgRes_scPP│suCsr_scCsd│PLACEMENT               she put the shoes behind the door
v-trScpr-scObArgCsd_scAdv│suAg_obAff_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT   he kicked the ball away
v-trScpr-scObNrgCsd_scAdj│suAg_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT   they drank the house dry
v-trScpr-scObNrgCsd_obRefl_scAdj│suAg_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT   she ran herself ragged	
v-trScprShft-scObArgCsd_scAdv│suAg_obAff_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT  he pushed away the branches
v-trScpr-obDir_obRefl_scObNrgCsd_scAdv│suAg_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT  he gets himself away	
v-trScpr-obPossp_scObNrgCsd_scAdv│suAg_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT  he sang his sorrows away 
v-trScprShft-obPossp_scObNrgCsd_scAdv│suAg_scCsd│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT  she wiped away her tears


TEMPLATE NOTATION                                            ENGLISH EXAMPLE
v-ditr│suAg_iobRec_obTh│TRANSFER                             I gave him the book			
v-ditr│suAg_iobBen_obTh│SUSTAINEDSTATE                       he owes her a book
v-trAdv│suThsit_iobAg_advTime│SUSTAINEDACTIVITY              the job took us all day
v-ditr-suAbsger│suThsit_iobBen_obThabst│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT  taking walks gives you strength
v-ditr-suGer│suThsit_iobBen_obTh│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGEVENT   his singing gives Kathy a headache
v-ditr-suYN│suThsit_iobPrcvr_obTh│ASSESS            whether he comes first will give us our plan of attack
v-ditr-suWH│suThsit_iobPrcvr_obThʧASSESS                     what happens last gives us the plan of attack
v-ditr-iobPP│suAg_obTh_iobRec│TRANSFER                       Jack supplied fruit to the store
v-ditr-iobRefl│suAg_iobBen_obTh│AVAILING                     he gave himself time			
v-ditr-iobRefl│suAg_iobPermissee_obTh│PERMISSION             Kathy allowed herself three cakes		
v-ditr-obDECL│suAg_iobIntrlctr_obThsit│COMMUNICATION         Kathy tells me that he often comes
v-ditr-obEqIobInf│suAg_iobPermissee_obThsit│COMMITMENT       Kathy allows him to come			
v-ditr-obEqSuInf│suAg_iobIntrlctr_obThsit│COMMITMENT         Kathy promises him to come
v-ditr-obPP│suAg_iobRec_obTh│TRANSFER                        Jack supplied us with fruits
v-ditr-obWH│suAg_iobIntrlctr_obThsit│COMMUNICATION           he tells me who comes		
v-ditr-obYN│suAg_iobIntrlctr_obThsit│COMMUNICATION           he tells me whether they come		
v-ditr-iobRefl_obEqIobInf│suAg_iobPermissee_obThsit│COMMITMENT    Kathy allowed herself to come
v-ditr-obEqIobBareinf│suAg_iobInterloc_obThsit│COMMITMENT    Kathy bade him come	
v-ditr-obEqIobBareinf│suAg_iobPermissee_obThsit│PERMISSION   Kathy let him come
v-ditr-suWH_obWH│suThsit_iobPrcvr_obThsit│ASSESS           who comes first does not show us who comes last
v-ditr-suYN_obYN│suThsit_iobPrcvr_obThsit│ASSESS   whether he smiles will show us whether they have a plan
v-ditrComp-cmpDECL│suAg_iobComit_obTh│CONDITIONALTRANSFER     I bet you fifty cents he won’t come	
v-ditrExpnSu-expnEqInf│obMeas│ASSESS                          it took me two hours to get there
v-ditrImpltransf│suCsr_iobAff_obTh│CAUSATIONwithCAUSINGENTITY    the book cost me ten dollars
v-ditrObl│suAg_iobRec_obTh_oblMeas│TRANSFER                   he sold me the car for fifty dollars
v-ditrObl│suAg_iobRec_obTh_oblTrgt│TRANSFER                   Jack paid Jane fifty dollars for the car
v-ditrObl-iobPP│suAg_obTh_iobRec_oblMeas│TRANSFER             Jack sold the car to Jane for fifty dollars
v-ditrObl-iobPP│suAg_obTh_iobRec_oblTrgt│TRANSFER             Jack paid fifty dollars to Jane for the car


TEMPLATE NOTATION                                            ENGLISH EXAMPLE
v-copAdj│suExper│SEMELFACTIVE                                Jane is startled
v-copAdj│suTh│PROPTY                                         he is kind			
v-copAdj-suAbsGer│suThsit│ASSESS                             running is healthy
v-copAdj-suDECL│suThsit│ASSESS                               that he came at all is surprising
v-copAdj-suInf│suThsit│ASSESS                                to err is human			
v-copAdj-suWH│suThsit│ASSESS                                 who will comes is uncertain		
v-copAdj-suYN│suThsit│ASSESS                                 whether he comes is uncertain
v-copAdjObl-oblEqSuGer│suAg_oblActivity│HABITUALACTIVITY     Jane is busy (these days) with writing
v-copN│suTh│PROPTY                                           he is a fool		
v-copN-suAbsger│suThsit│ASSESS                               seeing him was a pleasure
v-copN-suDECL│suThsit│ASSESS                                 that he came was a shock		
v-copN-suWH│suThsit│ASSESS                                   who should go is the question		
v-copN-suYN│suThsit│ASSESS                                   whether he will come is a question
v-copPP│suTh│ASSESS                                          the performance was beyond belief
v-copPP│suTh│EXHIBACTIVITY                                   the performance is in progress
v-copPP-suDECL│suThsit│ASSESS                                that he came was beyond our expectations
v-copPP-suWH│suThsit│ASSESS                                  who may perform is under consideration 
v-copPP-suYN│suThsit│ASSESS                                  whether he may perform is under discussion 
v-copPredprtcl│suTh│ASSESS	                              the result was as desired
v-copPredprtcl-suAbsinf│suThsit│ASSESS                       to be there was like a dream 	
v-copPredprtcl-suAbsger│suThsit│ASSESS                       being there was like a dream
v-copPredprtcl-suWH│suThsit│ASSESS                           what he said was off the mark 
v-copExpnAdj-expnDECL│expnThsitɲASSESS                       it is sad that he leaves			
v-copExpnAdj-expnAbsinf│expnThsit│ASSESS                     it is great to be healthy 	
v-copExpnAdj-expnYN│expnThsit╠ASSESS                         it is uncertain whether he comes 		
v-copExpnAdj-expnWH│expnThsit│ASSESS                         it is uncertain who came 	
v-copExpnN-expnAbsinf│expnThsit│ASSESS                       it is a chore to chop wood
v-copExpnN-expnDECL│expnThsit│ASSESS                         it was a disappointment that he failed
v-copExpnN-expnWH│expnThsit│ASSESS                           it is a question who will come 
v-copExpnN-expnYN│expnThsit│ASSESS                           it is a question whether he will come 
v-copExpnNPredprt-expnAbsger│expnThsit│ASSESS                there is an art to eating spaghetti 
v-copExpnPP-expnDECL│expnThsit│ASSESS                        it was in the third round that he lost
v-copExpnPredprtPP-expnDECL│expnThsit│ASSESS                 it is out of the question that he comes
v-copExpnPredprtcl-expnDECL│expnThsit│ASSESS                 it is as well that he knows 
v-copImpersAdjLoc│ASSESS                                     it is nice here 
v-copImpersAdjLoc-locPP│ASSESS                               it is nice in Trondheim 
v-copIdN│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                             this is the man 			
v-copIdAbsinf│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                        the task is to finish it 
v-copIdDECL│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                          the problem is that he likes herring 
v-copIdWH│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                            the problem is who gets it
v-copIdYN│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                            the problem is whether he eats meat 
v-copIdN-suDECL│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                      that he picks up the letter is the signal
v-copIdN-suAbsger│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY                    eating it is the last step		
v-copIdAbsinf-suAbsinf│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY            to eat hot dogs is to support the global economy
v-copIdAbsger-suAbsger│suIdfd_scIdfng│IDENTITY               eating local food is supporting local culture

Auxiliary verb

With focus on main verb:

axv_intr-av1mod                                              he can come
axv_intr-vPart│PERFECT                                       he has come			
axv-intr-vPart│suAgmover│MOTION                              the boy is running

As a ‘root’ modal:

v-intrAuxmodComp-compEqBareinf-suAg_compThsit                he can come

As an ‘epistemic’ modal:

v-intrScpr-scSuNrg_scBareinf                                 he can come