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Typological Features Template for Danish

by --Signe Rix Berthelin 09:35, 17 March 2010 (UTC)

This page is under construction

Feature Description
Phonological Features
Vowel inventory
Vowel harmony
Consonant inventory
Syllable Structure .
Morpho-syntactic Features The following fields describe basic morpho-syntactic parameters
morphological classification (1)
morphological classification (2)
Nominal Phrases The following fields describe some of the basic morpho-syntactic properties of nominal constituents
syntactic structure Quantifier - Determiner - Adjective - Nominal(+definite suffix)(+poss.suffix - Adjective'2' - Nominal'2') - Relative clause

Quantifier: optional and only one.

Determiner: optional and only one.

Adjective: optional and preferrably not more than two in order to avoid akwardness.

Definite suffix: optional. Is not compatible with articles or demonstratives.

Possessive suffix: required if possessed nominal.

Nominal '2': possessed nominal. Can take an adjectival modifier, but nothing else.

Relative clause: optional and not more than one in order to asure intellegibillity.

nominal modification Adjectives, indefinite article, definite suffix (link), demonstrative, relative clauses, pronouns, possessives, interrogative pronouns.

NB. Nominal modifiers agree with the modified noun in the following way: articles and demonstratives must agree with the noun in terms of number and gender, and adjectives must agree with the rest of the noun phrase in terms of number, gender and definiteness. A nominal may stand on its own as a "bare nominal".

nominal specification The specifications must agree in terms of definiteness and number of the given entity referred to. Quantifier, determiner, demonstrative, cardinal, numerals.

Deixis - the entity referred to, is specified in terms of degree of saliency in the discourse or in terms of distance between speaker and entity, this is conveyed by the choice of demonstrative. A nominal may be bare, and thus it refers to a type in general.

possession Strategy 1: Possession can be expressed by a possessive pronoun, functioning as demonstrative, and will thus affect the other elements in the ohrase just like a definite demonstrative. Possessive pronouns have the same form when appearing as a predicate as when appearing like a demonstrative. Personal pronouns and emphatic demonstratives may be used as possessive pronouns in the appropriate form.

Strategy 2: A possessive nominal i made by the suffix -s. The possessed nominal phrase follows the possessive imidiately.

pronominal system All pronouns are free forms. Personal pronouns exist for 1st, 2nd and 3rd person in singular and in plural. Quantifiers and demonstratives may be used as pronouns. Emphatic demonstratives are only used as possessive pronouns - otherwise the nominal must follow.
Verbal Phrases The following fields describe some of the basic morpho-syntactic properties of verbal constituents
word order
infinitival forms
verbal constructions
Special Properties of [your language]
Short Bibliography