Typecraft v2.5
Jump to: navigation, search

The position of clitics in Persian intonational structure

The position of clitics in Persian intonational structure  
Type Article
Author(s) Vahideh Abolhasani Zadeh, Carlos Gussenhoven, Mahmood Bijankhan
Pages 4
Country University of Tehran, Iran, University Nijmegen, Netherlands, Queen Mary University of London, UK
Language English
Media type web article [1]

By Atena

General Information

This article belongs to the TC Category Interlinear Glossed Text from Linguistic Research.

In this category we collect TCwiki pages that feature Interlinear Glossed Text (IGT) from linguistic publications.

IGT are normally demarcated through indenting, numbering and a space above and under the example. One line of text is followed by one line of glosses and a line with free translation completes the pattern. IGTs from linguistic publications are of particular interest, since they represent a unique alignment of language data and linguistic theory. Example sentences from seminal articles are not rarely quoted in linguistic publications for decades which is another good reason why they need our attention.

In an effort to make IGT more accessible to linguistic research, we try to extract original IGT from linguistic publications and in same cases we provide additional linguistic glosses through a subsequent layer of annotation using the TypeCraft Glosser. In this way we hope to contribute to the re-usability of this data.

On each of the our pages that feature IGT from secondary sources, we also provide a short annotated bibliography, sometimes combined with a list of key-terms which can help to gain a perspective on the research questions raised in the original article. The 'Infobox' may contain further information about the linguistic framework used in the original article, as well as additional classifications of the phenomena treated, whenever that is possible.

Key Terms:

clitic group
phonological word
prosodic hierarchy
pitch range


Persian clitic groups differ from words. Most importantly, a pitch accent (L+)H* is associated with the word-final (i.e. base-final) syllable of clitic groups, but with the word-final syllable of words, meaning that clitics remain outside the domain of the word. The pitch accent marks the stress, but we found no independent durational or spectral differences between stressed and unstressed syllables. Interestingly, the intonational distinction between words and clitic groups remains intact in the stretch of speech after the focus. Unlike Germanic, Persian post-focal words are accented, though pronounced with reduced pitch range.