"Bak" is a Norwegian preposition denoting posteriority. In Norwegian the frame of reference is projected from the viewer, as for anteriority. If we are to describe a located object being at the reference object`s intrinsic front/back then we explain this in the sentence. We say that it is the back/front side of the reference object that the located object is anterior to. An example of a sentence using "bak" to indicate a physical location; "Mannen står bak huset", which means "the man stands behind the house". Here the located object is "mannen" and "huset" is the reference object, the relation is posteriority.
"Gruppen stod bak opprøret", means "the group stood behind the revolt". It expresses that the group were the ones causing it to happen. So here we don`t denote a physical location, rather a concept.
"Bakenfor" is another preposition denoting posteriority. An example is "Jenta står bakenfor bygningen", "the girl is standing behind the building". The located object is "jenta" and the reference object is "bygningen". We have a physical location here.
This preposition can also locate an object in a concept. A sentence might be as follows; "Oppdag sannheten bakenfor mytene", "discover the truth behind the myths". Here the meaning is that you reveal something. The object that is "bakenfor" an object is hidden by it, concealed in some way, this is a more abstract meaning. "Bakom" is another preposition denoting posteriority. "Hunden sprang bakom huset", "the dog ran behind the house". Here we have a physical location, where "hunden" is the located object and "huset" is the reference object. There is locomotion here, running, and we have path and atelicity, because the action is unfinished.
Back to Motion_and_Space