On the Status of 'Modifying' DE and the Structure of the Chinese DP
|On the Status of 'Modifying' DE and the Structure of the Chinese DP|
|Editor(s)||Sze-Wing Tang and Chen-Sheng Liu eds.|
|Publication title||On the Formal Way to Chinese Languages|
|Corpus Link||On the Status of 'Modifying' DE and the Structure of the Chinese DP|
|Media type||web article |
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nominal modifying de
Mandarin DP structure
Antisymmetry of Syntax Theory (Kayne, 1994)
Definiteness and Szabolsci (1994)
the function of determiner
This article re-examines the status of nominal ‘modifying’ de and the traditional head-final analysis of Chinese NPs/DPs. It began by showing the occurrence of de in relative clauses structures and examining the result which ensues from analyzing Chinese Relative Clauses in terms of Kayne’s (1994) Antisymmetry of Syntactic Theory. The author argues that de in Chinese should be analyzed as a determiner in Kayne’s sense. According to Szabolcsi (1994), elements in D0 position often show overt morphological definiteness concord with lower demonstratives and quantifiers, yet such definiteness agreement is not obvious in Chinese. Thus, the author argues that de has no identifiable definiteness specification. The author further considers the function of determiners cross-linguistically and that of de in Chinese, concluding that determiners frequently only appear to signal modification relation. Hence, he argues, determiners may also have the function of modification. Finally, the author examined the general construction of Chinese DP, showing that the article successfully clarify the underlying structure of Chinese DP, as a result of the analysis of de as a clitic-like determiner, Kayne’s theory of relativization and Fu’s insights into process nominals.
Original Interlinear Glossed Text
wǒ mǎi de shū
|(2) 我的那本书. |
wǒ de nà běn shū
wǒ de fáng jiān hěn dà
|(4) 对他的信任. |
duì tā de xìnrèn
wǒ de zhù zài běi jīng de hǎo péng yǒu
|(6) 张三对李四严厉的批评. |
zhāngsān duì lǐsì yánlì de pīpíng
zhè shì yì tiáo gānjìn de qúnzi
|(8) 裙子是干净的. |
qúnzi shì gānjìn de
hěn xīn de qúnzi
|(10) 我有一间很大的房间. |
wǒ yǒu yì jiān hěn dà de fángjiān
Author: Zhang, Yanying (2004)
Title: Processing Constraints, Categorial Analysis, and the Second Language Acquisition of the Chinese Adjective Suffix "-de"(ADJ)
Record Details 
Source: Language Learning, v54 n3 p437-468 Sep 2004
Available on-line