This page was created as an in-classroom exercise in LING 2208 NTNU
By Miaomiao Zhang and John Gannah
From the TC database Akan Future Aspect, there were two occurrences of FUT-FUT aspect as in the examples below:
εbεyε animguaseε sε wobεsεe awareε.
“It will be humiliating to commit adultery.”
(wo bɛba no) na Kofi ho atɔ no
“(By the time you come back,) Kofi will have enjoyed a state of mental calm.”
From the two examples we can see that when there are two subjects in the sentence, the FUT-FUT occurs.
In other cases, where the FUT-CONS occurs,there is only one subject of the event described by the string of verbs.
Esther bɛfa oslo akɔ Germany
“Esther will pass through Oslo to go to Germany”
Sε yεpɔn adwuma a, yεbεnantew akɔ fie.
“When we close from work we will walk home.”
Mansa bεpɔn ne ho afi adepam mu afe yi.
“Mansah will finish and come out of dressmaking this year.”
Ama bɛfa safoa no abue dan no
“Ama will take the key to open the room/door”
Kofi bεtɔ dware aku no anoa awe.
“Kofi will buy a sheep, kill it,boil it and eat it.”
yaa bɛ tɔ brodeɛ anoa adi ada
“Yaa will buy plantain, cook it, eat it, and sleep.”
We found a total of 16 phrases which had the token we sought to investigate.Below is a statistical occurrence of the Future Aspect in Akan SVCs from the TC database.
- ↑ Boadi, L.A. (2008).Tense, aspect and Akan. In Ameka, F.K. and M.E. Kropp Dakubu (eds) Aspect and Modality in Kwa Languages. Benjamins.