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Valency label 'SAS'

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'SAS' stands for 'Syntactic Argument Structure' , and is a format for valency frame specification used in TypeCraft and MultiVal (Multilingual Verb Valence Lexicon). Examples of frame specifications, together with other formats of valency labels, are given in Valency code illustrations. Deployment of the code is made in Norwegian Valency Corpus.


SAS labels used for Norwegian

The following is a list of SAS specifications relevant for Norwegian. (Further below are illustrations for English.)


EXPL       
EXPL+APpred+S       
EXPL+APpred+adpos   
EXPL+INF            
EXPL+NP             
EXPL+NP+INF         
EXPL+NP+INF[equiOBJ]
EXPL+NP+NP          
EXPL+NP+NP+INF      
EXPL+NP+Sdecl       
EXPL+NP+SquestWH    
EXPL+NP+SquestYN    
EXPL+NP+adpos       
EXPL+NPpred+Sdecl   
EXPL+NPpred+SquestWH
EXPL+NPpred+SquestYN
EXPL+NPrefl+NP      
EXPL+NPrefl+NP+adpos
EXPL+NPrefl+S       
EXPL+NPrefl+Sdecl   
EXPL+NPrefl+SquestWH
EXPL+NPrefl+SquestYN
EXPL+NPrefl+adpos   
EXPL+NPrefl+adpos+NP
EXPL+PP+Sdecl       
EXPL+PP+SquestWH    
EXPL+PP+SquestYN    
EXPL+PP[Sdecl]      
EXPL+PP[SquestWH]+S&
EXPL+PP[SquestWH]+S&
EXPL+PP[SquestYN]+S&
EXPL+PP[SquestYN]+SquestYN
EXPL+PPpred+Sdecl   
EXPL+PPpred+SquestYN
EXPL+PRTP[S]        
EXPL+Sdecl          
EXPL+Squest         
EXPL+adpos          
EXPL+adpos+INF      
EXPL+adpos+NP       
EXPL+adpos+PP[S]    
EXPL+adpos+Sdecl    
INF        
INF+NP              
INF+NP+NP           
INF+NPpred          
INF+PP              
NP         
NP+ADVP+PP          
NP+ADVPpred         
NP+ADVPpred+NP      
NP+APpred           
NP+APpred+adpos     
NP+EXPL+INF         
NP+EXPL+S           
NP+EXPL+Sdecl       
NP+INF              
NP+INF:equiSBJ      
NP+INF:raisingSBJ   
NP+NP               
NP+NP+APpred        
NP+NP+INF:equiOBJ   
NP+NP+INF:equiSBJ   
NP+NP+INF:raisingOBJ
NP+NP+INF:raisingSBJ
NP+NP+NP            
NP+NP+NP+PP         
NP+NP+NPpred        
NP+NP+PP            
NP+NP+PP+PP         
NP+NP+PP[INF:equiOBJ]
NP+NP+PP[INF]       
NP+NP+PP[Sdecl]     
NP+NP+PP[Squest]    
NP+NP+PPpred        
NP+NP+PRTPpred:for  
NP+NP+PRTPpred:som  
NP+NP+PRTPpred:til  
NP+NP+Sdecl         
NP+NP+SquestWH      
NP+NP+SquestYN      
NP+NP+VPpass        
NP+NP+XPpred        
NP+NP+adpos         
NP+NPpred           
NP+NPrefl           
NP+NPrefl+ADVP      
NP+NPrefl+ADVPpred  
NP+NPrefl+APpred    
NP+NPrefl+INF:equiOBJ
NP+NPrefl+INF:raisSBJ
NP+NPrefl+INF:raisOBJ
NP+NPrefl+NP        
NP+NPrefl+NPpred    
NP+NPrefl+PP        
NP+NPrefl+PP[INF:equiOBJ
NP+NPrefl+PP[Sdecl] 
NP+NPrefl+PP[Squest]
NP+NPrefl+PRTP:for[INF:raisOBJ]
NP+NPrefl+PRTPpred:som
NP+NPrefl+PRTPpred:til
NP+NPrefl+S         
NP+NPrefl+SquestWH  
NP+NPrefl+SquestYN  
NP+NPrefl+XP:raisSBJ
NP+NPrefl+XPpred    
NP+NPrefl+adpos     
NP+PP               
NP+PP+NP            
NP+PP+PP            
NP+PP:til[INF:raisSBJ
NP+PP[INF:equiSBJ]  
NP+PP[Sdecl:som]    
NP+PP[Sdecl]        
NP+PP[Squest]       
NP+PP[refl]         
NP+PP[refl]+NP      
NP+PPpred           
NP+PRTPpred         
NP+PRTPpred:som     
NP+Sdecl            
NP+Squest           
NP+SquestWH         
NP+SquestYN         
NP+VP               
NP+VPpass           
NP+VPperf           
NP+XPpred           
NP+adpos            
NP+adpos+NP         
NP+adpos+PP:som[S]  
NP+adpos+PP[INF:equiSBJ]
NP+adpos+PRTP       
NP+adpos+S          
S+PP[Sdecl]         
Sdecl               
Sdecl+APpred        
Sdecl+NP            
Sdecl+NP+NP         
Sdecl+NP+PP         
Sdecl+NP+PP[Sdecl]  
Sdecl+NP+PP[Squest] 
Sdecl+NP+Sdecl      
Sdecl+NP+Squest     
Sdecl+NPpred        
Sdecl+PP            
Sdecl+PPpred        
Sdecl+Sdecl         
Sdecl+Squest        
Squest              
Squest+APpred       
Squest+NP           
Squest+NP+NP        
Squest+NP+Squest    
Squest+PP           
Squest+PP[Squest]   
Squest+Squest       
SquestWH+NPpred     
SquestYN+NPpred

SAS illustrations from English

Underneath the list follow some exemplifications for English.

EXPL                                                                  	It rains
EXPL+APpred+S                                                         	It is nice that you came
EXPL+INF                                                              	It starts to dawn
EXPL+NP                                                               	There sits a mouse
EXPL+NP+Sdecl                                                         	It surprises me that he came
EXPL+NP+SquestWH                                                      	It eludes me who came
EXPL+NPpred+Sdecl                                                     	It is a success that he came
NP                                                                    	John sits
NP+APpred                                                             	He is cute
NP+INF                                                                	He tries to run
NP+INF:equiSBJ                                                        	He tries to run
NP+INF:raisingSBJ                                                     	He seems to run
NP+NP                                                                 	He sees the danger
NP+NP+APpred                                                          	She makes the city happy
NP+NP+INF:equiOBJ                                                     	She asks John to run
NP+NP+INF:equiSBJ                                                     	She promises John to run
NP+NP+INF:raisingOBJ                                                  	She expects John to come
NP+NP+NP                                                              	She gives the boy a house
NP+NP+NPpred                                                          	She calls him a hero
NP+NP+PP                                                              	She tells a story about him
NP+NP+PP+PP                                                           	She tells a story to Peter about Pi
NP+NP+PRTPpred:as                                                    	She regards him as a hero
NP+NP+Sdecl                                                           	She tells him that he has lost
NP+NP+SquestWH                                                        	She tells him who lost
NP+NP+SquestYN                                                        	She tells him whether he has lost
NP+NPpred                                                             	He is a fool
NP+NPrefl                                                             	He perjures himself
NP+NPrefl+NPpred                                                      	He considers himself a hero
Sdecl+NP                                                              	That he came surprises me