The Structure of the Bantu Noun Phrase
|The Structure of the Bantu Noun Phrase|
|Author(s)||Josephat M. Rugemalira|
|Journal||SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics|
|Country||Tanzania University of Dar es Salaam email@example.com|
|Corpus Link||The Structure of the Bantu Noun Phrase|
This article belongs to the TC Category Interlinear Glossed Text from Linguistic Research.
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IGT are normally demarcated through indenting, numbering and a space above and under the example. One line of text is followed by one line of glosses and a line with free translation completes the pattern. IGTs from linguistic publications are of particular interest, since they represent a unique alignment of language data and linguistic theory. Example sentences from seminal articles are not rarely quoted in linguistic publications for decades which is another good reason why they need our attention.
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- Noun phrase
- Interrogative words
In this article, the author argues that adposition classes; preposition and postposition exist in Ewe, a Niger-Congo language of the Kwa sub-branch spoken mainly in some parts of West Africa. It was written as a response to claims by other linguists that there can exist, only one of such categories in a language. This is shown in the table below (Example 1).
The article notes that prepositions in Ewe evolved from verbs in the context of serial verb constructions, and that, their distribution vary from their verbal sources:
• Complements of prepositions can be fronted (in focusing) leaving the preposition stranded (Example 2)
• Prepositions with their complements can be preposed and marked as scene-setting topics (Example 3)
• Verbs in series share the same aspect; prepositions are not marked for aspects (Example 4)
Postpositions on the other hand evolved from nouns, especially body part nouns and some landmark terms.
• Postpositions can neither occur as clausal arguments on their own (Example 5)
• Postpositions do not require the connective ‘fe’ in possessive constructions (Example 6)
• Postpositional phrases do not take dative prepositional arguments (Example 8)
However, like nouns, postpositional phrases can function as both subjects and objects (Example 7) and can be direct arguments of verbs (Example 9).
Glossed texts in the article
The following are glossed examples extracted from the article. They are linked to suggested annotations in the TC-wiki page by the writer of this page.
|LANGUAGE||TEXT||TEXT IN ENGLISH|
|Swahili|| 2.b)kitabu changu kile
book mine that
|(that book of mine)|
|Swahili|| 3.b)kitabu kipya kizuri
book new nice
|(a nice new book)|
|Swahili|| 4.)vitabu vingi sana
books many very
|(books are very many)|
|Swahili|| 6.) kila mtu
|Swahili|| 13.a)mtu wangu yule
person mine that
|(that person of mine)|
|Sukuma|| 22.b)abhanu bhatano bhose abho abhane
people five all those my
|(all those five people of mine)|
|Safwa|| 20.a)bhala abhantu bhani bhasanu
those people my five
|(those five people of mine)|
|Safwa|| 20.a)abhantu bhani bhasanu bhala
people my five those
|(those five people of mine)|
|Mashami|| 3.a)kitabu kasha kidodori
book red good
|(a good red book)|
|Ha|| 16.b)abhantu bhanje bhaya bhataanu bhasole
people my those five good
|(those five good people of mine)|
Mark Van de Velde (University of Leuven/FWO). The order of noun and demonstrative in Bantu. Available online at http://llacan.vjf.cnrs.fr/pers/vandevelde/files/pdfs/The-order-of-noun-and-demonstrative-in-Bantu.pdf Accessed on 2012-05-22.