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Bangla constructions log

Revision as of 19:46, 18 February 2016 by Typecraft (Talk | contribs)

Edited by Gautam Sengupta and Lars Hellan

Presented here is a small number of Bangla sentences with morphological and construction level annotation. The annotated corpus is found in theTypeCraft database. Below we briefly discuss each of the constructions.

An overview over the word level annotation sets is found on the navigation bar to your left under TypeCraft Tools >> TypeCraft Help >> Gloss tag list and POS tag list. The construction level annotation uses the system Construction Labeling. You find an introduction to this system at Verbconstructions cross-linguistically - Introduction. The aim of the collection is to serve as a preliminary for a full construction profile (cf. Multilingual Verb Valence Lexicon) for Bangla.


For general discussion of some issues addressed, see Bengali Constructions. A discussion page related to the present page is found at Talk:Bangla constructions log page.


1. v-intr-suNom

An intransitive verb with a subject in the nominative case:


2. v-copA-suNom

A copula construction: the subject is marked for the nominative case and the adjective is predicative.


3. v-copA-STATE

A copula construction expressing a state.


4. v-intr-suNom-CHANGEofSTATE

An intransitive verb expressing a change of state.


5. vvSuMover-v1intr-v2intr-MOTIONDOWN

A VV-sequence whose shared subject is Mover, and where both verbal parts are intransitive.


6. v-trNV-suGen_obBaresg-suExp-STATE

trNV signifies a construction where the apparent object is idiomatically fused with the verb, so that in a semantic representation there would be only one argument, and the predicate would be a fusion of the verb and the noun predicate. The object is always a bare singular.


7. v-intr-suInf


8. cvSuIDALLsuAg-v1tr-v1obAff-v2trNV-EVENTSEQ

('conjoined participle verb series' with shared subject having Agent role throughout, where V1 is transitive with an affected object, and V2 is an 'NV'-transitive xtructure, and where the whole sequence expresses a series of events)


9. cv-v1intr-v1suTh-v2vvSuMover-v2v1intr-v2v2intr-EVENTSEQ

(cv-series whose first part is intransitive, and whose second part is a vv-sequence each part of which is intransitive, and with an agentive subject)

Notice that unlike the previous case, the subject of V1 and V2 of this cv are not identical.

10. cvSuIDALLsuAg-v1tr_v1obTh-v2tr_v2obAff-EVENT_INSTR

(cv series with identical, agentive subjects, whose over-all meaning is an event in which the first V expresses an instrument)


11. v-trScpr-suGen_scObNrg-suExp_obTh-PSYCHSTATE

(transitive with a secondary predicate, which is predicated of the object, which in turn is a non-argument, i.e., not a semantic argument relative to the verb (but relative to the secondary predicate))


12. v-tr-obEqInf

(transitive whose object is an infinitive with 'equi'-reading, i.e., an understood subject identical to the matrix subject)


13. v-trScpr-scObNrg_scBareinf


14. vCaus-trLghtOblCs-suCsr_oblCsee_oblV

(the head is a verb whose form includes a causative formative; the construction is of type 'transitive light' plus an oblique constituent, where the subject is the Causer and the oblique expresses the Causee, and where the head of the oblique is a verb)

trLght has the definition 'transitive light verb whose complement is an NP expressing an event-type performed (or in other ways operated on) by the subject.' (Ex. Eng.: he makes progress.) The combination N - V is here not idiomatic, hence not an instance of trNV.


15. v-tr-obDECL


16. v-trCrc

trCrc stands for transitive with a correlative, that is, a plain transitive construction, preceded by a correlative clause with pronouns matching pronouns in the main clause.


17. v-intr-suNomVtrCrc

suNomVtrCrc = subject is a nominalization of a transitive clause with a correlative construction


18. v-intr-suInf


19. v-intr-suInf


20. v-tr-obEqBareinf


21. v-trLghtObl-oblPostp


22. v-tr-obPostp_obLoc


23. v-tr-obPostp_obLoc_obSpecPostp


24. a-intrObl-oblPostp-COMPARISON


25. v-trLght-obNomVtrObl


26. cv3suIDALLsuAg-v1tr-v2tr-v3intr