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Luganda applicatives

The study of Bantu applicatives has long tradition:

  • Sesotho – Morolong & Hyman, 1977; Machobane, 1989; 'Demuth 2003;
  • Haya – Duranti & Byarushengo, 1977; Hyman & Duranti, 1982;
  • Chichewa – Marantz, 1984; Baker, 1988; Alsina & Mchombo; 1990;
  • Kichaga – Bresnan & Moshi, 1990; Chishona – Harford, 1993
  • Bemba Marten 2011

Of special interest have been the applicatives derived from transitive verbs, since Bantu languages differ in whether they allow symmetric applicatives where both objects behave like core objects, that is, they can for example become the subject of a passive construction. Luganda is a symmetric language which also means that both object of a ditransitive applicative can be pronominalized to become a preverbal pronominal affix to the applicatived verb. In the discussion of applicatives a set of properties has been of particular interested. In the following we will describe five of these properties using IGT excamples from the TypeCraft's public Luganda corpus.

Our Luganda corpus contains at the point of writing (April 2016) 94 sentence where at least one verb is glosses as having an applicative extension.

For a random selection of 30 of these 94 sentence we have looked at the following parameters

  • The thematic role of the applicativized argument (AA)
  • The syntactic category of the AA (e.g. PN, N, PP)
  • Presence of argument indices
  • Linearisation Is the objects in ditransitive applicatives
  • Object topicalization

(1) VERB: tunuul Meaning: 'look', see' AA: ye, Thematic Role: Stimuli, AA-Category: PN, 3SG Argument index: "ki" seems to be an object marker, Topicalization: -

(2) VERB: leetMeaning': 'bring', AA: 3SG, Thematic Role: Beneficiary, AA-Category: AA not lexicalised , Argument index: + , Topicalization: -

(3)VERB:"nyw", Meaning''consume', AA -, Thematic Role: Location, AA-Category: AA not lexicalised independently, Argument index: Locative endclitic on the verb, Topicalisation: -

(4) VERB: "kol" Meaning': 'do', AA:Bebe Cool Thematic Role:Beneficiary, AA-Category: Np , Argument index: -, Topicalisation: -

(5)VERB: tunuul Meaning: 'look, see' AA: akazimbe kaganyegenya 'unfavourable hounse", Thematic Role: Stimuli, AA_Category: CN Argument index: -, Topicalisation: -

(6)VERB: som, 'talk,read', AA': 1SG, Thematic Role: Malficiary, Category:AA not lexicalised independently, Argument index: +, Topicalisation: -

(7)VERB:suul 'throw', AA: ________, Thematic Role: ________, Category_______, Argument index_________, Topicalisation: -

(8)VERB: kaab, 'cry' AA': waggulu, Thematic Role: Locative, Category: CN place, Argument index: -, Topicalisation: -

(9)VERB: buuk 'jump' AA: ebintu, Themantic Role: Locative, Category: ____, Argument Index: Locative endclitic on the verb Topicalisation: +

(10)VERB: kaab 'cry' AA: nju, Themantic Role: Locative, Category: PP, c

(11)VERB:"jjuz" Meaning': 'fill', AA: 3SG, Themantic Role : Beneficiary, AA-Category: Argument is not lexicalised, Argument index: -, Topicalisation: - Applicativized verb is an infinitive.

(12)VERB:"tubuul" Meaning': 'look', Themantic Role : Stimuli, AA-Category: Argument is not lexicalised, Argument index: 3SG, Topicalisation: -

(13)VERB:"tubuul" Meaning': 'look', AA: 'omusajja',Themantic Role : Stimuli, AA-Category: NP Argument index: -, Topicalisation: -

(14)VERB: 'fi' Meaning: 'die', AA: 'mu leeba' __________ AA-Category: NP Argument index: -, Topicalisation: -











(27) Phrase>33474</Phrase>